Published: Tuesday, 06 October 2015 15:40
February 14, 2009
Monday, July 7, 2008
By Raam Wong
Journal Staff Writer
LAS VEGAS, N.M. — The absence of the Sabinoso wildlands in eastern San Miguel County from most road maps is perhaps fitting given the forlornness of its hulking mesas and dry streambeds during these long, dusty days of summer.
It exists near where the high-desert plains along N.M. 104 east of Las Vegas abruptly sink and form sandstone canyons more than 1,000 feet deep.
Ranchers once called this place home, as evidenced by abandoned homesteads still filled with items like a rickety rocking chair and a yellowing copy of “Casper, the Friendly Ghost.”
Largely untrammeled by man, the Sabinoso is now close to being kept that way by the federal government. Last month, the U.S. House of Representatives approved legislation designating 17,638 acres managed by the Bureau of Land Management as a federally protected wilderness. The bill must now be taken up in the Senate and signed by the president.
“Sabinoso is a pretty spectacular area,” said Nathan Newcomer of the New Mexico Wilderness Alliance, which has been lobbying to protect Sabinoso for about three years. Newcomer said the area is one of New Mexico’s last intact Great Plains ecosystems.
A wilderness designation would put Sabinoso off-limits to the kind of energy development, off-road vehicles and other activities seen across so much of the West, while offering solitude to outdoors enthusiasts who trek in by horseback or foot.
Former New Mexico senator Clinton P. Anderson was a driving force behind the 1964 Wilderness Act, which aimed to protect areas where the natural world is unhindered and “man himself is a visitor who does not remain.”
Four federal agencies manage more than 105 million acres of wilderness, or nearly 5 percent of the United States, according to the Wilderness Society.
In the 1970s, BLM began identifying holdings that might be suitable for the wilderness designation. For years Sabinoso has been one such “wilderness study area.” This year’s legislation, sponsored by Rep. Tom Udall, D-Santa Fe, would move Sabinoso from limbo to wilderness for perpetuity.
“Sabinoso is more than an incredibly beautiful patch of land — it is a thriving ecosystem and a piece of New Mexico history,” Udall said in a recent statement. “Visitors to the area will find horses, wild turkeys and other birds most people never get a chance to see. They will also find homesteads that go back generations and pristine wilderness that still looks like it did when settlers first came to this part of North America.”
The House passed Udall’s legislation unanimously last month. A spokesman for Rep. Steve Pearce, a southern New Mexico Republican and Udall’s opponent for the Senate, said Pearce “did not object to the bill.”
Bounded by private ranches, the Sabinoso study area about 40 miles east of Las Vegas is essentially unreachable by the public. Getting even close to the area requires a long, bumpy ride over private two-track roads, through several gates and past cattle that frequently block the way.
The dirt road stretches for several miles before a turn-of-the-last-century homestead with a metal roof and broken glass windows marks about as far as you can go on four wheels. It’s another couple miles or so on horseback or foot to reach the proposed wilderness.
“Having a wilderness area doesn’t mean people have to (be able to) get here,” said BLM’s Taos field manager, Sam DesGeorges, who saddled up a few government horses last week for a tour up Sabinoso’s canyons. Still, BLM is presently looking at a few locations where it could establish a right-of-way and trail head.
The tour followed a faint, stony trail that might have been used for mineral exploration some time ago. It’s pretty much the only sign of modernity for miles around.
Federal land need not be entirely pristine or untouched to qualify for a wilderness designation. Rather, the law defines wilderness as an undeveloped area “retaining its primeval character and influence” and which “generally appears to have been affected primarily by the forces of nature, with the imprint of man’s work substantially unnoticeable.”
The designation would grandfather in the grazing rights of 12 permittees who hold leases to graze up to 1,700 head of cattle each year. But wilderness would bar any other development, such as oil and gas exploration, as well as motorized vehicles.
BLM could build some trails, but DesGeorges said the public might prefer to experience the area the way he did, through exploration.
Six canyons stained buff, red and tan offer ideal terrain for hikers, horseback riders, photographers, geologists and hunters.<
A diversity of habitats, from the heavy woodlands up high to the willows and cottonwoods along the rivers down below, support a variety of birds like the red-tailed hawk and wildlife including mule deer and bobcats.
But on a scorching July morning last week, the only signs of life were deer and bear scat along the trail and a couple of rabbits hunkered beneath shady rocks. And when the locusts fell silent and the wind rustling the ponderosa momentarily paused, a stillness took over where you could almost hear yourself sweat.
A 6,150-foot-high mesa bisects the land, and the ride up is a steep, rocky, bushwhacking affair up a trail thick with juniper and pinon. Lagartija Creek was bone dry on one side of the mesa, while on the other, a stream coursing through the 1,000-foot-deep Cañon Largo trickled toward the Canadian River.
Newcomer, of the Wilderness Alliance, said a broad alliance of ranchers, environmental groups and local and state lawmakers support protecting Sabinoso.
“Wilderness,” he said, “is something all New Mexicans have a stake in.”
Published: Tuesday, 06 October 2015 15:28
February 1, 2009
Today’s news of a 12% decline in the wild population of Mexican wolves is a big disappointment but, frankly, not a surprise. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and its cooperating state and federal agencies stopped managing for the conservation of endangered lobos four years ago, and the population has declined in three of those four years. The stated objective for 2007 was a 10% population increase, thus the Fish and Wildlife Service fell 22% short of their goal, leaving only 52 of these critically endangered animals in the wild. Of even greater concern is that the number of breeding pairs declined from seven at the end of 2006 to only four at the end of 2007. When breeding pairs are routinely destroyed or broken apart it is hard to grow a population. Indeed, only nine new pups were added to the population, and two of those have died already in 2008.
The Blue Range Wolf Recovery Area, 4.4 million acres of remote public lands teeming with elk and deer, was identified by wildlife biologists as the best place for the first reintroduction of the critically endangered Mexican gray wolf. The objective for this initial recovery effort was to establish a viable, self-sustaining, wild population of at least 100 lobos by the end of 2006, eight years after the first releases.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service should issue an immediate moratorium on any further killing and removal of wolves until the population rebounds to at least 100 wolves, as recommended by the American Society of Mammalogists.
Ignoring science and bowing to pressure from special interests, the Bush administration, and politicians, the Fish and Wildlife Service has abandoned its legal obligation to protect, conserve, and recover the Mexican gray wolf—the most endangered mammal in North America. Rather, conflicts (whether real or induced) are routinely resolved by killing or permanently removing wolves, risking the second extinction of this rare, ecologically important carnivore.
None of this is the fault of the lobos whose only interest is to survive and prosper in the remaining wild lands of the Southwest. The wolves have shown their ability make a living in their native habitat. They eat mostly elk and deer, consistently breed and reproduce in the wild, and very few die of causes other than those inflicted by humans.
Scientific research has shown that wolves and other large carnivores improve the biological diversity and overall health of the landscapes where they live. Following the restoration of wolves to Yellowstone National Park, young willows and cottonwoods, formerly devoured by unwary elk, have returned to stream banks, beavers have returned, and songbirds are more numerous. A variety of scavengers including eagles, ravens, weasels, and foxes are flourishing from the free lunch left for them by wolves.
Southwest residents broadly support the wolf recovery effort and want to see lobos thrive in the wild once again.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has a legal and moral obligation to protect and conserve endangered lobos and restore them to viable populations within their former range. But their continued authorization of excessive killing and removal of wolves is having the opposite result.
It’s like hiring a contractor to remodel your home and, instead, they tear it down. You would be outraged; and the American public should be outraged at the continued use of tax dollars by our public agencies to destroy endangered Mexican wolves.
Conflicts do arise between wolf recovery and other uses on our public lands, especially livestock grazing. The Fish and Wildlife Service has a proper role in seeking to minimize conflicts, but not at the expense of the conservation of endangered lobos. Wolves have a right to exist and are legally entitled to at least equal status on public lands.
It is wrong policy to give domestic livestock higher priority than endangered wolves on our public lands. Solutions will require abandoning the tools of the past—shooting and trapping—and adopting more innovative management practices and new policies that reflect modern ethics and public sentiment favoring the conservation of wild wolves.